Importance of documentation for community driven projects like joomla

June 14th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet | No Comments »

Importance of documentation for community driven projects like joomla

Importance of documentation for community driven projects like joomla

Joomla is one of the most widely used “content management systems”. Due to its open source nature, it has gained huge popularity. It has also developed a very customisable modular code structure. The contribution of open source communities behind the huge development of the joomla platform is very evident. So it is very important that a transparent documentation system is followed in such community projects. Without proper documentation it is very difficult for other developers to understand the code developed by any user and to reuse the code or make it more efficient.

Transparent open source code

Open source code is the backbone of community driven softwares. For developing such softwares people from various parts of the world work together. So, transparent communication through documentation process is very essential. Numerous developers work in parallel developing various parts of the software. Without proper documentation, it would be very difficult to work on parts of the program.

Easy understanding

Without proper documentation it is almost impossible for people around the world to work simultaneously on a same project. Proper documentation in easy language is very important. This also saves a lot of time for the next developer. Communication is a very important aspect in such community driven softwares and so is the need for a proper documentation technique.

Code modification and reusability

Open source software stand on one basic principle – building efficient and reusable codes. Documentation plays a vital role in understanding codes developed previously. If a new person is interested to develop an on-going software project, then he has no other option but understand the software through its documentation. Now if the documentation is not correct then it becomes extremely difficult for the developer to understand the source code all by himself. This leads to inefficient use of even good source codes and limits their usability while simultaneously also hinders the process of application development and this should be taken care of.

Importance of documentation for community driven projects like joomla

Modular documentation

Modular documentation is another step closer to systematic documentation. The idea is that the documentation of various smaller parts of the application is separately made available in modules.  These modules are re-usable and can be compiled into larger documentation. The advantage is easier maintenance with increased indexing and search capabilities. The modules are so written that they make sense even when they are all by itself and not a part of the main documentation. This also enables us to easily export the documentation in various formats as PDF, XML, DocBook, CHM etc

Online tutorials

Documentation is also widely used for online tutorials. Unless properly documented, the information shared will cause a lot of confusion among readers. Online tutorials are also an important part for softwares that are newly released. So proper documentation in online tutorial eases the process of learning a software environment and thus helps to gain popularity, which is also a key factor for success in case of community driven softwares.

Importance of documentation for community driven projects like joomla

Proper systematic documentation is a must in case of softwares like joomla. It is the reason behind its huge growing popularity and success.

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RSS Feeds using Joomla!

June 9th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Design Tutorials | No Comments »

RSS Feeds using Joomla!


RSS Feeds using Joomla

RSS stands for Rich Site Summary, and is a format which is used to deliver regularly altering web content. For example, several news-websites, blogs and online publishing sites provide RSS links so that internet users can easily get to know about any updates in their websites. For people who regularly surf the Internet, RSS feeds are an efficient and simple way of staying updated about the latest news, without having to visit the websites every time. The RSS feed automatically retrieves the latest updates from the websites and displays it in the feed. RSS users can protect their privacy, by not having to join the websites mailing list and be victimized by hundreds of unwanted newsletters, just for the sake of staying informed. There are several different RSS readers available on the Internet which can support different platforms like Linux, Windows or Mac.

RSS Feeds using Joomla


RSS Feeds using Joomla

Joomla, on the other hand, is a popular Content Management System (CMS), which is utilized for developing and building web sites and other web based applications. It is hugely popular due to the fact that it is simple, flexible and easy to use, even by people without extensive technical knowledge. Joomla is an open source platform, which is freely available. Joomla has an inbuilt RSS aggregator, called the ‘syndicate’, so there is no real need of downloading any extension. However, there are a couple of other options also, which may be used to include RSS feeds in a website. The Syndicator can display news or updates ordered by categories.

The first step is to log into the administrator account of the Joomla web page, and go to the News Feeds option from the Components option. From the Manage Categories option, a new category is added by clicking on the New option. A page appears where the administrator will have to provide different information regarding the new feed category that is to be included in the web page. The different fields that need to be filled up include the Category Title, where the user needs to enter the name of the category as he wants it to appear in the menu; the Category Name, which shows the name of the feed in the web page; the Image field can be used to insert any image related to the feed category; the Access Level can be used to limit the access to the feeds only to certain users. All the field names are self-explanatory. After all the required fields have been filled up, the page is saved.

The next step is to find a suitable website, which provides the facility to syndicate their content, and then decide on the feeds that should be included in the site. Websites which have the RSS logo, provide the RSS feed facilities. Most news sites, blogs, fan archives, and gaming forums provide RSS feeds. After selecting the required RSS feed, paste the link in the Link field in the Manage News Feeds page. There are a number of other parameters, such as maximum articles or updates allowed, or cache time. Then the settings are saved. After this, the website is ready to receive RSS updates.

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Basic Functions of MySQL

June 2nd, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, Software, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

Basic Functions of MySQL

Basic Functions of mySQL

SQL or Structured Query Language is a standardized query language, which is used to access information from a database. The request for information which is written in SQL is called a query. It was initially designed by the IBM in 1975s, and later introduced in the commercial market by Oracle Corporation. SQL utilizes distributed databases, which means that the databases are spread over several machines. That is why it is gradually gaining popularity among LAN network users. MySQL is a Relational Database Management System which is used to provide access to multiple databases for multiple users, as the situation requires.

Some basic functions of MySQL are,

Connect function

This is one of the most easiest and fundamental functions of my SQL. Here, the function is added, and the user data is stored in constants, so no variable needs to be specified while calling the function. An example code of the Connect function is provided below

function connectDb() {
// connect and set the working db
if (mysql_connect( DBHOST, DBUSER, DBPWD ) && mysql_select_db( DBNAME ))
return true;
return false;

Repair Table and Optimize Table

This command is used to scan all the tables which are present in a database, and then perform repair and optimization in each table. An example code is provided below for the Repair and Optimize Table function.

function fixTables($dbname) {
// search for all the tables of a db and run repair and optimize
// note: this can take a lot of time if you have big/many tables.
$result = mysql_list_tables($dbname) or die(mysql_error());
while ($row = mysql_fetch_row($result)) {
mysql_query(“REPAIR TABLE $row[0]”);
mysql_query(“OPTIMIZE TABLE $row[0]”);

Converting a Recordset to HTML Table

This code receives a recordset from a mysql_query output, and then prints it in the usual HTML format. Using css can improve the code functionality. A small example of this code is provided below.

function getHtmlTable($result)
// receive a record set and print it into an html table
$out = ‘<table>’;
for($i = 0; $i < mysql_num_fields($result); $i++){
$aux = mysql_field_name($result, $i);
$out .= “<th>”.$aux.”</th>”;
while ($linea = mysql_fetch_array($result, MYSQL_ASSOC)) {
$out .= “<tr>”;
foreach ($linea as $valor_col) $out .= ‘<td>’.$valor_col.'</td>’;
$out .= “</tr>”;
$out .= “</table>”;
return $out;

Returning the values of a row in a comma separated format

It helps the user to get all the values in the first row of the table, in a comma separated format. The code below is an example of the same:

function getCommaValues($sql) {
// execute a $sql query and return all the first value of the rows in a comma separated string
$out = “”;
$rs = mysql_query($sql) or die(mysql_error().$sql);
while($r=mysql_fetch_row($rs)) $out.=($out?”,”:””).$r[0];
return $out;

To get the first value after running a query

One of the most commonly used functions, this code, as explained by the topic header, helps to execute the code and then provides the first output of the executed code. We always need to extract a singular value or row, so this code often comes in handy.

function getScalar($sql,$def=””) {
// execute a $sql query and return the first value, or, if none, the $def value
$rs = mysql_query($sql) or die(mysql_error().$sql);
if (mysql_num_rows($rs)) {
$r = mysql_fetch_row($rs);
return $r[0];
return $def;

To get the first row after running the query

Once again, as the topic name explains, the ensuing code will help to get the first row after executing a code

function getRow($sql) {
// execute a $sql query and return the first row, or, if none, return an empty string
$rs = mysql_query($sql) or die(mysql_error().$sql);
if (mysql_num_rows($rs)) {
$r = mysql_fetch_array($rs);
return $r;
return “”;

To duplicate a specific row

This function is used to insert into any table, after duplicating any specified row, which is defined using the primaryID field and the values which have been specified in the parameters itself.

function duplicateRow($table,$primaryField,$primaryIDvalue) {
// duplicate one record in a table and return the id
$fields = getCommaFields($table,$primaryField);
$sql = “insert into $table ($fields) select $fields from $table where $primaryField='”.mysql_real_escape($primaryIDvalue).”‘ limit 0,1″;
mysql_query($sql) or die(mysql_error().$sql);
return mysql_insert_id();

These are some of the many fundamental functions provided by SQL for developing queries for databases.

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Top five fonts used in Web designing

April 11th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Design Tutorials | No Comments »

Top five fonts used in Web designing

Top five fonts used in Web designing

Web designing has gained a lot of popularity with the increase in the popularity of the internet and the World Wide Web. Depending on the font that you use for your particular website reading content from some sites gets much easier than other sites. One should chose on a particular font for his website depending upon the ease with which it can be read.

The most popular font is the “Old school font”. They are pre installed on almost all computers and run perfectly with internet explorer browsers. The next on the list is “Georgia” followed by “Arial” and then comes “Courier New” and after that “Trebuchet MS”. There are various reasons that web designers consider in order to choose these fonts more than the other fonts. The factors that decide the popularity of these fonts are the following

More readable

The fonts mentioned above are more readable than the other ones which depend on the font family solely and vary from one font to the other.


Fonts which are used in the web pages should be such that they can be easily read over any platform and on any machine without the need of installing that particular font before being able to view it.

Visible in different text colors

The font should be such that it is clearly visible in different text colors.

Size of text

The size of the text is also a constraint while designing a webpage. A good font is one which can be visible clearly even at very small font sizes.

White spacing

The white space between two consecutive words and letters is another thing to consider before deciding upon which font is best for you. The fonts stated above have enough white spaces in order to make the text on your website look more organized, neat and clean.

Line height

The height of an individual line should be such that it should not be too close to the next line that is there must be adequate spacing between two consecutive lines in order to offer better readability.

All these factors are very important in determining whether the text written in a particular font is clearly visible or not and depending upon all these factors, “Georgia” and “Old school font” is used widely depending upon its ease of readability. Sometimes sit may become difficult if you view a website using an uncommon font on a different platform in which the font is not installed previously. In such cases some letters may appear to be missing or the entire text may get changed and hence the website crashes, hence it is very important that you use one of the above fonts when you design your website. It is here that personalized fonts face with a disadvantage and hence cannot be used in websites. Georgia is one of the most stylish fonts yet it is simple and comfortable enough to read any text written in Georgia. Arial is widely used for writing text in books and hence our eyes are adjusted with this font the most.

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How does a mail server work

April 11th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, Software, The Internet, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

How does a mail server work

how does a mail server work

Imagining the world without emails is virtually impossible. It is the only way by which people who are thousands of kilometers away can send as well as receive letters in fraction of a second. For you to send an email, you should have an email client on your machine. The first modern type of email was sent in the year 1971.

An email is sent with the help of an email server. An email server is like a computer that serves the purpose of an electronic post office. It is capable of sending and receiving millions of emails simultaneously and consists of hardware as well as software components. Email servers are basically of two distinct types depending upon the software that is used by them. One is the SMTP and the other one is POP3. These two protocols do almost the same job with just minor differences in their algorithm that they implement to get the work done.

Email servers work only with registered email clients. If the email server receives an email from one of the registered clients, then it performs the following tasks.

Checking for registered clients

At first after an email is received the server checks whether it is from one of the registered email clients on the basis of which it either takes an incoming email or rejects it. An email is received by a server through port 25 if it is a SMPT protocol or through port 110 if it uses a POP3 protocol.

Separate the username and the site name

The server then separates the user name and the site name and in case the site name and the mail site to which it will be sent are the same then it is sent to a POP3 or IMAP server for the rest of the process to be performed.

Request DNS for IP address

In case the recipient email address is different from the sent address then the server will contact the domain name server or the DNS and request for the IP address of the mail client to which your mail is to be sent.

Storing the mail in a database

The mail is then stored in a database on the server before it is sent to the receiving email id.

Resending and generating suitable error message

In case the SMTP server cannot locate the IP address of the recipient mail server, then the mail is queued and periodically sent for a fixed number of times before a message sending failed message is generated stating the reasons for its failure.

how does a mail server work

These are the basics of the working of an email server. Though various servers may have some small modifications but the basic working remains the same. The main job of an email server is to receive a message from the registered clients and then send it to any recipient address. Attachments are extra files that may not always be text and hence they need to be first encoded into text format and pasted in the main mail by the server itself before they are sent.

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How to create your own font

April 11th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

How to create your own font

How to create your own font

Nowadays every computer already has some pre loaded fonts that are installed in it at the time of purchasing your computer but even after that, there may come a necessity at times in order to create your own personalized fonts to give a personal touch to the work that you are doing.

For creating your own fonts you may either choose to draw them on a piece of paper and then scan it for which you would definitely require a scanner but there is also another simpler way in which you can create your own font. For this you would require to use the software ‘private character editor’ which is present in the system 32 folder in your programs file. This is almost same as the Microsoft paint but it is specially designed for generating new characters. With the help of this software you can create your own fonts and then incorporate them into a document using the character map.

The various steps that you must follow in order to create your own personalized character are the following

Run the private character editor software

First you must start the private character editor software. The location of this software on your computer is the following C:\WINDOWS\system32\eudcedit.exe.

Chose the character code

As soon as you run the software it will ask you to select a code that is the character that you are going to create will be related to that particular code in the windows character library. You can select any of the grey boxes and then press OK to continue.

How to create your own font

Opening the grid as your workspace

A grid opens up next of dimensions 50*50 and each character that you draw on the grid by coloring the boxes is stored as a bitmap image. You can access the coloring and drawing tools from the TOOLS menu.

Draw the character

The next step is the most important as now you need to draw the character on the grid. This requires a lot of practice and should be done carefully. Use the left mouse button to draw in black and vice versa.

Modify an existing character

If you are not good at drawing then you can also choose to modify an already existing character and personalize it for which you simply have to copy it to the grid by choosing the edit option and then copy character.

Associate it with a particular font

After you finish this part of your job you need to associate the newly created character with a specific font or with all fonts present in your computer from where it will be available.

Save your job

Save the final character which gets saved in the same position that you had chosen while you were asked to select the code.

Following the above steps you can create your own set of characters and use them accordingly in order to give a personal touch to any document. For accessing the characters from any application you just need to open the character map and select the particular set of characters that you want to use. One thing that you must keep in mind is that if you use your personalized set of characters in any document, then you won’t be able to view your document in other computers unless you install it in that machine too.

How to create your own font

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Relevance of PHP in the world of Web 2.0

March 12th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

Relevance of PHP in the world of Web 2.0

Relevance of php in the world of web 2.0

This era is considered to be a digital age and everything is related to the cyber territory. Whenever we consider our daily works, more or less 90% works are related with web that means 90% of our works are done in web like banking, job, reservation, chat, social networking, education, selling and what not. So, the web is totally covered the lives of human beings. Here comes the need of web interface to interact with the end users. And that is why the web programming languages comes into being.

Web Programming Languages

As the web is advancing forward, the web programming languages are being developed day by day with advanced characteristics. There exist many web programming languages like PHP, ASP, VB.NET, ASP.NET, JAVA, PYTHON etc. But amongst the aforesaid programming languages, the web territory in programming language, the PHP holds a large space. PHP was initially developed as Web Programming Language and later on PHP can be used in any case like Desktop Application Development. This web enveloped world is totally configured using Web Programming languages and PHP does this using its sophisticated advanced classes of syntax.

Web 2.0

Web 2.0 is totally a weird term to be explained. Initially web interface is developed with a minimal interaction signal events and later on, now web interface can be used for any work and now it includes many function abilities. This is called Web v2 or Web Version 2. And now-a-days it is seen that amongst all other web programming languages, PHP is wide-spread.

PHP Web Programming

PHP as a web programming language holds top place for web application development to interact with the end users. PHP is wide-spread as it contains many inbuilt functions to take the load off the web programmer and eventually it also includes many external advanced framework classes and extensions to work with the web 2.0 much better. PHP mainly uses extensions and modules. Extension and modules are extended libraries and classes to extend the programming interface to greater extent. For web application development, many frameworks are needed for security measures and even for socket connection; we need some extended modules or extension to work on sockets or protocols. For these, PHP can be easily used in large extend after loading the extensions. Even if we consider, social networking arena, PHP holds the top place as Facebook is totally developed using PHP. Even network programming can also be done using PHP. But for web 2.0, network programming or socket programming is not needed too much. We only need extended frameworks to work with the web 2.0 to better understand the relevance of PHP in this arena. Now-days, 99% websites are developed using PHP Frameworks like Joomla, Drupal, XOOPS, Froggy loops, phpBB, SMF and many more. These are extended version of php that includes many classes of their own to configure the web 2.0 according to the MVC design patterns.

PHP is largely used now-a-days but other web programming languages like python can also be used in large extent but not comparable to PHP as Orkut is made using Google-Python API, the Twitter is also made using Twitter-python API. Though if we consider in Toto, then PHP takes the top notch place in web 2.0 for interacting with the end users.

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Joomla! Forums

March 6th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

Joomla! Forums

The Internet has developed to become one of the leading mediums through which like-minded individuals can catch up with each other, irrespective of their location and time zones, and discuss about the subjects and topics of their choice. And these discussions are best carried out in online forums, which are specifically built for this purpose. An online forum is generally a platform where members of the forum can start threads on topics and discuss on the topic in subsequent threads. Such forums also serve the purpose of efficiently sharing links or files relevant to the topic being discussed by the members, thus serving as a medium of dissemination of information. In the recent years, such forums have mushroomed over the Internet, ranging from technical and academic forums for discussing relevant topics, to forums on networking sites which aim to just provide a common platform for everyday chitchat among virtual friends.

Joomla! Forums

Building a forum related website can be a complicated task, because it requires access to several databases, for example, the database containing the list of the members of the website, and their permission levels to determine who can modify what. However, Joomla can serve as a relatively simple and efficient forum building platform, due to the fact that its open source platform allows the addition of virtually any kind of extensions or plug-ins. And the fact that the Joomla community is huge and spread throughout the world is an obvious support in case you need some kind of help.

Joomla! Forums

Extensions like the JomSocial set of components is designed to build on the basic platform according to the needs of the user. Though it is basically a package which is used to build social networking websites, with a bit of tweaking, it can be used to create forums as well, because forums do form an integral part of social networking sites. The level of complication in case of Joomla add-ons is very low, and so it is possible to create a forum related websites using Joomla.

Joomla! Forums

Advantages of using forums with Joomla!

As always, the forums can be easily administered and maintained by the owner, without having to resort to professional help from webmasters

Joomla can be efficiently used to connect to the databases required for the forums with minimal complications, as opposed to some other CMSes which require a host of complicated issues to be sorted out.

Joomla! Based forum sites can be easily used to maintain member lists and modify permissions. With Joomla, the access permissions for the members can be easily changed according to the requirements of the owner without much hassle

Joomla menus are real time, which means that the source code can be changed on any text editor, like the notepad, and then pasted onto the Joomla editor. The resulting changes will immediately be imposed on all the WebPages.

There is minimal danger of virus or malware attacks to damage the software. As the core platform is open source, it can be downloaded from the Internet and substituted.

Last, but not the least, the software is available free-of-cost.

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A Beginners Tutorial to the Gems Package

February 21st, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, Software, The Internet | No Comments »

A Beginners Tutorial to the Gems Package

Rails is an application developed in the Ruby language which helps in development of Rails application. Rails is designed to make assumptions about what developers need to get started, so that web application development becomes much easier. Using Rails, developing web applications becomes much easier, at the same time; the coding process becomes less extensive and much more simple. Rails is basically functions according to an ‘opinionated’ logic, wherein the logic decides on the ‘best’ way to perform the work, and encourages the user to follow that path. The ‘Rails path’ will probably lead to the best productivity.

A Beginners Tutorial to the Gems Package


Rubygems is a Ruby software library manager. A Ruby code packaged in this manner is called a gem. For example, when you find the required Ruby software for any particular project, you can download, install and manage the software using gems. The first RubyGems project was created by Ryan Leavengood in 2001. The initial focus of RubyGems was on simplifying the process of installing, removing, updating and managing Ruby libraries. An innovative twist was added by the new developers when they provided the system with the ability to manage several versions of the same library easily. Using RubyGems, it is possible to provide very powerful control over which version of the library is to be used by the code.

Gems Tutorial


First of all, you need to download the current version of RubyGems. To install the software, you need to type in

ruby setup.rb all

Gem Command

In RubyGems, the gem command is the command which is used to interact with the RubyGems package system. To test it out, type in:

Gem list

It shows a single package-source installed.

Installing gem packages

The next step is to begin installing the required gem packages in the machine. Once again, as is required in case of installation, you need to be the root in order to install any gem packages or modify them. However, any user can query the system to find out which packages have been installed in the system. RubyForge is one of the most popular resources from where Ruby open-house software can be downloaded. Ruby on Rails is a popular RubyForge project which uses the RubyGem package. The following command can be used to install the Rails gem:

Gem install rails –include-dependencies

A Beginners Tutorial to the Gems Package

RMagick, a Ruby interface used for ImageMagick, can be installed using the command

Gem install rmagick

As this gem includes a non Ruby code, it compiles the C code as a part of the installation process. In case the compile tool is not installed beforehand, the installation fails.

Other uses of gem command line

Other features which are offered can be accessed by the following commands

Gem update

Updates all the current versions of gems to their latest versions

Gem cleanup

Removes old versions of gems which are installed

Gem uninstall

Removes a particular gem from the repository

The command

Gem server

Automatically launches a Ruby based server on port 8808. Adding the –p option to the code will allow the server to be launched on a different port. This makes it relatively simpler for your web server to view the documentation on all the gems that are installed on your machine to learn their API. In case the rdoc is already installed on the system, gem will automatically generate the rdoc for every gem installed.

Using libraries for Ruby scripts

In order to use the Ruby libraries while executing the Ruby scripts, the require  mechanism can be used in the following manner:

Require ‘rubygems’

This will automatically load the RubyGems code and allow the script to use the latest version of the Gem installed in the machine.

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Top Five Sides of PHP Scripts

February 21st, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

Top Five Sides of PHP Scripts

Top Five Sides For PHP Scripts

We know that this era is a digital on the basis of everything. Everything is digitally signature. Even we can’t say anything which does not relate the cyber territory. So, here comes the point of thinking about how the digital signatures are made. Here comes the word “PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE”. A programming language digitally signatures a digital equipment. There are different kinds of programming languages which are used now-a-days.

Different Kinds of Programming Languages

Mainly programming languages are same if we consider the concepts. Though there exist different kinds of programming languages like C, C++, VB (Visual basic), ASP (Active Server Pages), ASP.NET, VB.NET, PHP, JAVA, Server Side JavaScript, Python etc. These all are same according to their concepts. They differ in the sense of their usage in syntax. Some of these programming languages are grouped according to the ease of access. Like ASP, PHP are considered to be in the Web Programming Language Group. Python is in software development group. VB is also in software development group. Though software can also be made using the web programming languages also.

PHP in Different Aspects

PHP is considered now-a-days to be a web programming language though everything can be done using PHP. By d way PHP is evolved formerly as a web programming language but now-a-days PHP 6 is considered to be the all in one Programming Language. Everything can be done using PHP. But it requires some extended classes and library functions and somehow extensions and modules.

PHP Frameworks

This is the most widely used term for PHP. PHP Frameworks are totally developed in PHP and developers created some extended classes and libraries to take PHP to the ultimate level. If we consider design patterns (Software Design Patterns) like MVC (Model-View-Controller), UML Diagram etc., and then these patterns can be implemented in the web application development field. And if we consider for software development, then the PHP-GTK is widely used. PHP-GTK (Gimp Tool Kit) is an extended PHP extension for software development as well as desktop application development. Even there are many frameworks like Joomla, Drupal, XOOPS, phpBB, WordPress etc. But these are on base of web application development. These require the knowledge of Object oriented programming in PHP.

Global Utilization

Now-a-days in the global market two sectors are grown in wide large range. They are Application development and web related field. And PHP covers this range. Even if we consider the network programming as well as socket programming, then PHP takes its hand up for attending. Even networking protocols can also be designed using PHP. But it requires socket extension support. Even if we consider the social networking aspect in this world like Facebook, hi5, MySpace then PHP takes the opportunity to say that it leads. But PHP is a server side scripting language and so every script must run in the server and then result will be displayed to the client. So, how can it be possible to develop desktop application? Here comes the concept of client side scripting property of PHP. PHP-GTK is considered to be the client side programming language.

In Brief, the TOP 5 Sides:

Web Application Framework based on application design patterns

Network or Socket Programming

Web Application Development

PHP comprises many in-built functions to take the load off the programmer

Desktop Application Development in the concept of Client Side Scripting.

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