Microsoft WebMatrix: Simplifying Web designing to child’s play

July 5th, 2012 | Posted under The Internet, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting | No Comments »

Microsoft WebMatrix: Simplifying Web designing to child’s play

Gone are the days when the web design and development needed a full command on the programming language, the achievement is credited to Microsoft webmatrix which provides a simple and easy web development environment which is too friendly to web designers, rather than merely web developers and programmers. It reduces the number­ of techniques and concepts which a user needs to know in order to do the simple modification, and also includes and integrates all the necessary elements to build Web sites quickly. It is a web development tool from which includes everything that is needed for a website development plan. It includes the open source web applications, in-build clips and templates or merely starts programming code. It was released in early 2011 by Microsoft and is available free of cost in its website. It facilitates the developers to design websites which are compatible with Windows and Linux and to use the free open source net applications programmed in ASP.NET, PHP, etc.

Building blocks and Special Features

Microsoft provides a 15MB free download setup which includes a lightweight web development tool, ‘IIS Express’ , ‘SQL Compact-Edition’ and ‘a collection of ASP.NET extensions’ which enable the building of separable ASP.NET Pages, with the help of the latest Razor syntax(not in beta 1st version), making the use of database simpler and HTML helpers for functioning general web-tasks. It can be installed “side-by-side” with Visual Studio 2010 and Visual Web Developer 2010 Express. Some of its important features which works as appealing add-ons in its functions:

1)      It is condensed in such a small package, with less memory size, and obviously less disk space consuming, so can be quickly downloaded, copied or circulated to different sources.

2)      It uses merely a single file for the each page and there is no need of any outsider file, as a project based system is used by VS.NET which creates many extra support files to manage and maintain the project. This signifies that the pages can be edited in any code editor if required.

3)      It comprises many great design features, like templates for the existing pages, drag and drop designer, and many more making it very easy to use.

4)      It has in-build support for the community links of ASP.NET with the mailing lists and new groups.

5)      It can be used to find a web host which fits the requirement of the user with in- build publishing support for FTPS, FTP and WebDeploy assuring the arrival of settings, databases and files of the user.

6)      It integrates a rich database and code editor, SEO, Web server management, FTP publishing and much more providing a new experience to website development.

7)      It also integrates with IIS Express and it is linked very tightly with the components of web server which run the website. It directly monitors real time Web complains, responses and requests to track down the problems exactly at the source.

WebMatrix promises the simplification and comfortability of the website development phenomena as it is free to download, small enough, allows code writing using ‘Razor’,ASP.NET, or PHP with installation and configuration of components like PHP or MySQL for the people using Windows. It also provides a central point at which many complementary processes and technology are accessed on a Windows platform, for instance: Visual Web Developer Express Edition.

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How to build your applications using ANT

June 29th, 2011 | Posted under Software, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

How to build your applications using ANT

ANT stands for Another Neat Tool. It was built by Apache thus also known as Apache ANT.  It is open Source and works across different platforms. Basically it is a tool to which helps in automating different tasks/processes that program developers have to do on a daily basis.

 How to build your applications using ANT

Why ANT and not others?

The main difficulty faced by programmers while using other build tools like Gnumake, Nmake, JAM, etc. was while working in different platforms. All of these are shell based and limit your operations to only the OS type you are working on. ANT on the other hand is NOT shell-based rather it is extended using JAVA classes. Config files are XML-based and by just calling a target tree your tasks are executed, thus the term “Neat”.

How to install ANT and start building?

Installing Apache ANT is quite simple and works with any JAVA environment (JRE or JDK). The current new version of ANT is Apache ANT 1.8.1. One has to first download the binary files (available on the official ANT website) and then just add the location of the binary folder to the location of the environment variable. Then set ANT_HOME variable to where ant is installed.

How to build your applications using ANT

Ant is build into many IDEs too (WSAD/RAD/Eclipse). All have a specialized “Ant View”. You can use it automate not only JAVA projects but any complex repetitive task.

Getting started with ANT

Since most of the time ANT is used to compile and build in JAVA, it would be more appropriate to discuss this first. Compiling and building in JAVA is basically generating, compiling and building JAR files.

Working with ANT can broken down to three key aspects; Target, Tasks and Properties.

Target is a set of tasks to be executed.

Task is a piece of code to be executed (Can have multiple attributes).

Properties are set are not a variables.

You can start off by first creating a build.xml file in the same path as of the sources (sources are generally put in the sub-directory SRC).

For compiling we need a jar file in the classpath. To define the location of this file you need to create a property file.


#             File Name:



The tasks e following operations
Clean the build directory if exists.
Create the build directory where the new classes will be built.
Compile the java classes.
Build a jar file from the java classes

The build.xml file

<project basedir=”.” default=”hello-world”>
<property value=”build”/>
<property file=””/>
<delete dir=”${build}”/>
<target depends=”clean”>
<mkdir dir=”${build}”/>
<target depends=”init”>
<!– Compile the java code –>
<javac srcdir=”src” destdir=”${build}”>
<pathelement location=”${env.LIB}/required-jar1.jar”/>
<pathelement location=”${env.LIB}/required-jar2.jar”/>
<target depends=”compile”>
<!– Build the jar file –>
<jar basedir=”${build}” destfile=”${build}/new-jar.jar”/>

Here we have simple created a jar file using ANT build file. This could also have been done by few batch commands in command prompt but the advantages using ANT are that the files can easily reused and parameterized, also sub projects can be created and other operations too can be implemented. Few operations which come with ANT are zip file task, editing text/xml files, sql operations, etc.

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How a web server works

June 29th, 2011 | Posted under Uncategorized, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

How a web server works?

The term “Web Server” is a program (the term can also refer to the computer the program is running on) which in simple terms acts like a delivery agent between the clients (web browsers) and the World Wide Web (or the internet). The communication Protocol here is HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol); hence sometimes a Web Server is also called a HTTP server.

How a web server works

A brief overlook of HTTP

HTTP is the “language” or protocol using which computers on the World Wide Web talk to each other. The client asks for specific files/pages/data to the server and the server returns the request. All the communication done is through HTTP. These are predefined set of rules and thus form a protocol between the client and the server. HTTP 1.1 is the current version used in the World Wide Web.

The Client Side

The client (Web Browser) talks the server with a Universal Remote Identifier (URI). This has many components, first defines the Protocol to be used. Most of the time it is HTTP but other protocols like Ifap, FTP and Malto too can be sent. A Web Server recognizes only HTTP and returns Error for others.

The Connection

The browser connects to the server on port 80. This is usually the case when no port is specifies in the URL like Here 436 was explicitly specified.

The Server Side

Every server has an IP address. After the client establishes the connection with this IP address and requests for a specific page the server looks at the file extension of the requested page. If the client requests for a file that is a simple HTML or an HTML extension then the web server fulfills the request and processes the file to the browser. If the client has requested for a page that needs to be processed by a web application server then a web server passes the request to the application server. Now the application server takes over and processes the file/page and returns the results to the web server. Following which the web server returns the request with the desired file/page. The purpose of the web application servers is to interpret the programming instructions and generate the page that a web browser can interpret. They help in the construction of dynamic web pages by the developers.

How a web server works

The operations which take place

The user types in an address, e.g. in the web browser and a socket will be created which will allow the client to send/receive data (bytes).

The HTTP request is created by the browser (after examining the URI and the HTTP method).

After a successful/valid HTTP request a connection is made using the TCP connection port 80.

The web server examines the request, if valid processes it.

Fetches the required page and returns it back to the client. If the web server fails to fetch the requested page then it returns ERROR.

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Using Eclipse idea to create java web applications

June 14th, 2011 | Posted under Software, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting | No Comments »

Using Eclipse idea to create Java web applications

Web applications are extensions to application servers. They are classified into two types, one is service oriented and the other is presentation oriented. These applications are designed using Java. Components like servlets and endpoints are made use of. These applications run on different computers. They make use of other servers or networks in order to communicate. It can even be simple as well as very complex with many details. The programming language Java is used because it comes with many packages for web application designing. The servlet technology is the framework of the process of web designing. Servlets are basically like classes.

How to install Eclipse

Installing Eclipse is quite easy. You have to just unzip the archive and run the  .exe file. Later launch the program with the Eclipse Workbench.  Eclipse is open source software and can be downloaded from its official site  The current version of Eclipse is 3.6.1

Using Eclipse idea to create java web applications

Usage of eclipse idea makes web application designing easier

Eclipse is additional multi-language software and also a plug in system. It is written in various programming languages. The widely used language is Java. It provides an environment for software development. It is suitable in its basic form for Java developers.

This software is open source which makes it free of cost as well as allows the user to modify the source code. It works best in the runtime environment provided by Java and is considered to be the best tool available for web applications based on java as it provides editing with cross referencing and validation.

Servlet Technology

It is a very important technology made available by Java and the simplest model for the creation of a web application. For creating a Java servlet you have to take care of Java Server Pages. It is similar to HTML but the basic difference it has embedded Java codes. The details we fill in the pages are first input and then it is sent to the servlet and it connects the user to the next page that is to be followed.

Using Eclipse idea to create java web applications

Steps to be followed while using Eclipse

First the software has to be installed and then a new project is to be created which can be selected from the main menu. Then select the option dynamic web project available under the option web. Then the runtime of the target is to be provided by the user. If the user is using eclipse for the first time then one needs to define a new server which can be reused for other projects too. The present version of eclipse web tools project used is 0.7.1. It is further upgraded to version 3.3 which is also available.

Advantages of Eclipse

It has made many developments over its previous versions. It has a better debugging support and also includes hyperlink stepping. It has a quicker navigation feature and the development is task focused. Also one of the good aspects of Eclipse is that it is very extendible and supports good plugins (e.g. CDT, PHPEclipse).

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RSS Feeds using Joomla!

June 9th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Design Tutorials | No Comments »

RSS Feeds using Joomla!


RSS Feeds using Joomla

RSS stands for Rich Site Summary, and is a format which is used to deliver regularly altering web content. For example, several news-websites, blogs and online publishing sites provide RSS links so that internet users can easily get to know about any updates in their websites. For people who regularly surf the Internet, RSS feeds are an efficient and simple way of staying updated about the latest news, without having to visit the websites every time. The RSS feed automatically retrieves the latest updates from the websites and displays it in the feed. RSS users can protect their privacy, by not having to join the websites mailing list and be victimized by hundreds of unwanted newsletters, just for the sake of staying informed. There are several different RSS readers available on the Internet which can support different platforms like Linux, Windows or Mac.

RSS Feeds using Joomla


RSS Feeds using Joomla

Joomla, on the other hand, is a popular Content Management System (CMS), which is utilized for developing and building web sites and other web based applications. It is hugely popular due to the fact that it is simple, flexible and easy to use, even by people without extensive technical knowledge. Joomla is an open source platform, which is freely available. Joomla has an inbuilt RSS aggregator, called the ‘syndicate’, so there is no real need of downloading any extension. However, there are a couple of other options also, which may be used to include RSS feeds in a website. The Syndicator can display news or updates ordered by categories.

The first step is to log into the administrator account of the Joomla web page, and go to the News Feeds option from the Components option. From the Manage Categories option, a new category is added by clicking on the New option. A page appears where the administrator will have to provide different information regarding the new feed category that is to be included in the web page. The different fields that need to be filled up include the Category Title, where the user needs to enter the name of the category as he wants it to appear in the menu; the Category Name, which shows the name of the feed in the web page; the Image field can be used to insert any image related to the feed category; the Access Level can be used to limit the access to the feeds only to certain users. All the field names are self-explanatory. After all the required fields have been filled up, the page is saved.

The next step is to find a suitable website, which provides the facility to syndicate their content, and then decide on the feeds that should be included in the site. Websites which have the RSS logo, provide the RSS feed facilities. Most news sites, blogs, fan archives, and gaming forums provide RSS feeds. After selecting the required RSS feed, paste the link in the Link field in the Manage News Feeds page. There are a number of other parameters, such as maximum articles or updates allowed, or cache time. Then the settings are saved. After this, the website is ready to receive RSS updates.

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How to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

May 4th, 2011 | Posted under Computer Advice, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting | No Comments »

How to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

Red5 is open source free software. This software is implemented using Java language by taking the help of reverse engineering protocols of AMF and RTMP. This software is meant for supporting recording and streaming audio and video formats over net and also for publishing live streaming of events like soccer, TV shows etc. This software is also helpful for tunneling HTTP via RTMPT and sharing objects. This software and its applications have become so common these days that most of the common social networking sites like Facebook, openmeeting and many others use this software. If one need to use Red5 hosting services for online broadcasting of audios and videos or for storing these audio and video files there is a need of dedicated red5 server. These servers are used for streaming these flash videos over net in real time. In real practice channels are provided to broadcast these video streaming and also void spaces are allocated on these dedicated Red5 servers which are to be used by clients.

Types of video formats supported by Red5

The format supported by Red5 for streaming videos includes mp4, FLV, M4A and ACC. For live streaming of flash videos the formats supported includes VP6, Nelly Moser, Speex, NSV, Sorenson etc.

The steps to be followed to stream flash videos using Red5 hosting are as follows

The first and foremost step is to install the Oflademo application with the help of the Red5 software using graphical user interface. So at first we need to open the browser window and then navigate to that IP address and then click on the link which appears.

How to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

Once the installation appears select the Oflademo application and then click on the installation tab.

how to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

The file to be streamed will automatically go to the directory of Oflademo application under the web application directory of the Red5 directory. If one wants to be sure about the writ ability of this directory then he has to switch to the consol mode and type appropriate command.

how to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

The next most important step is to copy the flash video file to the dedicated red5 server and from there this flash file will be streamed in the world wide web.

how to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

The next step is to configure the flash player which will be pointing to that dedicated Red5 server. Mostly JW player are used as this player automatically configured itself by suing the default available on that site. There are also other flash players available on net like the adobe flash player which is also very common and gets installed as a plug in with the browser.

how to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

Now two essential flash variables are required to complete this procedure. They are .file which is the FLV file and another one is the URL of that dedicated Red5 server which gives us the path of that application.

how to stream flash videos from your website with Red5 hosting

Thus we see that its very easy to use Red5 software to stream flash videos from our website and also provides us tools to stream vides in real time processing.

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Top five fonts used in Web designing

April 11th, 2011 | Posted under Internet Trends, The Internet, Web Design Tutorials | No Comments »

Top five fonts used in Web designing

Top five fonts used in Web designing

Web designing has gained a lot of popularity with the increase in the popularity of the internet and the World Wide Web. Depending on the font that you use for your particular website reading content from some sites gets much easier than other sites. One should chose on a particular font for his website depending upon the ease with which it can be read.

The most popular font is the “Old school font”. They are pre installed on almost all computers and run perfectly with internet explorer browsers. The next on the list is “Georgia” followed by “Arial” and then comes “Courier New” and after that “Trebuchet MS”. There are various reasons that web designers consider in order to choose these fonts more than the other fonts. The factors that decide the popularity of these fonts are the following

More readable

The fonts mentioned above are more readable than the other ones which depend on the font family solely and vary from one font to the other.


Fonts which are used in the web pages should be such that they can be easily read over any platform and on any machine without the need of installing that particular font before being able to view it.

Visible in different text colors

The font should be such that it is clearly visible in different text colors.

Size of text

The size of the text is also a constraint while designing a webpage. A good font is one which can be visible clearly even at very small font sizes.

White spacing

The white space between two consecutive words and letters is another thing to consider before deciding upon which font is best for you. The fonts stated above have enough white spaces in order to make the text on your website look more organized, neat and clean.

Line height

The height of an individual line should be such that it should not be too close to the next line that is there must be adequate spacing between two consecutive lines in order to offer better readability.

All these factors are very important in determining whether the text written in a particular font is clearly visible or not and depending upon all these factors, “Georgia” and “Old school font” is used widely depending upon its ease of readability. Sometimes sit may become difficult if you view a website using an uncommon font on a different platform in which the font is not installed previously. In such cases some letters may appear to be missing or the entire text may get changed and hence the website crashes, hence it is very important that you use one of the above fonts when you design your website. It is here that personalized fonts face with a disadvantage and hence cannot be used in websites. Georgia is one of the most stylish fonts yet it is simple and comfortable enough to read any text written in Georgia. Arial is widely used for writing text in books and hence our eyes are adjusted with this font the most.

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FTP User Guidelines and Advantages

April 6th, 2011 | Posted under The Internet, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

FTP User Guidelines and Advantages

File Transfer Protocol also abbreviated as FTP is a method used for downloading and uploading files from websites. It is used for logging in to a website to download or upload files. It is also used for the transfer of files though the internet and is followed as it is a very convenient and speedy procedure. In older systems with DOS as operating system FTP is accessed using command prompt while in latest systems menus are used and all the steps are clearly mentioned. This protocol is a standard one used by most users. It is also essential to web site builders.

FTP User Guidelines and Advantages

Categories of FTP

The software packages that FTP comes with are FTP Explorer, Cute FTP and Elite FTP. From the above three mentioned package Cute FTP is the best one. As it has many functions and its usage is very convenient, it has been licensed and one need s to register for it while Elite FTP and FTP explorer are freeware and can be downloaded from the internet. Elite FTP might not work properly in few web servers.

Even secure FTP services are available on the internet so that one’s computer doesn’t get affected by malware and spyware.

FTP User Guidelines and Advantages

FTP Usage

For accessing FTP services one has to fist download the file from the internet and Smart FTP is used widely. Upon launching the program at first a screen appears which is called the startup screen where one can add his/her personal information. The basic details required are profile name, host type, host address, user id as well as a password.

Mechanism of File Transfer

Double click on the files to check its content. For transferring a file click on it twice or highlight it and select the option of file transfer. Multiple files can also be downloaded by selecting them but it should be ensured that they are in the same modes.

FTP User Guidelines and Advantages

Commands used in FTP

The basic commands or file permissions used are read, write, execute and none. Number 4 or r can be used for enabling read permission. 2 and w are used for enabling write. Letter 1 or x enable execute permission and none is enabled using zero.

FTP User Guidelines and Advantages

Advantages of FTP

Compared to standard HTTP downloads FTP provides a very much high speed which is its major advantage. Its interface is user friendly as one can drag the files and then drop them in order to download or upload them. It had many more added features like TSL support; SSL, queuing utility and many features for back up too. These reasons are the basis for stating the use of a FTP client in order to host a website. Cute FTP is highly recommended by experts as it ensures easier, faster and safer downloads.

For a user who is taking care of his own website it is essential that he uses a very good FTP program as it provides a lot of flexibility and independence while controlling the files and ensuring a safer connection and protecting one’s computer.

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Importance of proper indexing for better searching in your database

March 25th, 2011 | Posted under Computer Advice, Web Design Tutorials | No Comments »

Importance of proper indexing for better searching in your database

Importance of proper indexing for better searching in your database

Indexing is a term used to describe a process involving the improvement of speed in data retrieval in a database table. Though indexing takes up a computer’s hardware resources, but it is advantageous when it comes to software performance, because any data retrieval is much faster.

Proper indexing has its benefits in the following applications.

Softwares using indexed information

Some sophisticated automatic softwares and algorithms use indexed database for different purposes like regularly updated websites, large public databases, research project databases etc. The advantage of these softwares is that they employ many intelligent methods to index for faster search response. The softwares also continuously make these methods efficient so that the indexing is done at a faster rate with more efficiency and consume less hardware resources.

Information users

With increasingly more content being available to the users people are using the internet and other online resources more frequently. Many people are busy checking out new information on particular subjects. Companies are also generating large volumes of information every day and without proper indexing these data are only as good as trash. If the data is not properly indexed then the data is not available to the numerous employees of the company. If the data is indexed, there are less chances of the data being missing or being overlooked by common users. With commercial indexing softwares, users are given a high degree of freedom to a huge databank of information in a very short duration.

Indexing for portal or intranet architecture

Many growing industries are backed up by a strong internet backbone. This also facilitates huge data storage and processing of those on real time. But to do real time searches within a intranet network for data retrieval, indexing is a very important requirement for efficiently carrying out the job. This has also made the overall information system very efficient and responsive.

Indexing also has its own advantages over other data retrieval techniques.

Other data retrieval methods like tables in MySQL are not as efficient or fast as indexing of same data. Though the data, that is being indexed is indexed one way and needs to be indexed again once the data is changed. In case of tables the data can be changed very easily.

Indexing takes up the least amount of space compared to all data retrieval systems. It is fast and also gives quick and easy modification capabilities. This in turn gives an efficient system when considering for a commercial use.

Types of Indexing

There are many types of indexing available like bitmap indexing, dense indexing, sparse indexing, reverse indexing etc, it is a tool to mainly locate data efficiently in a huge pool of arranged or may be raw information. After the data is located, then other techniques retrieve the data fast. In covering index, which is a special case, the index also contains the data fields, which make the overall system performance very fast. But it may take up more memory space due to its special fields to which it owes its characteristics.

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Rapid web-application development with Ruby On Rails and MySQL

March 2nd, 2011 | Posted under The Internet, Web Design Tutorials, Web Hosting, Web Hosting Tips | No Comments »

Rapid web-application development with Ruby On Rails and MySQL

Rapid web-application development with RUBY ON RAILS and MySql

“Ruby on Rails” generally shortened as RoR is one if the best web application development framework available for the Ruby programming language. It is intended for use with “Agile Development Technology” which helps in creating rapid web application development. It was first created by a person named David Heinemeier Hansson in July 2004 under an open source license. From then onwards about six versions of this toolkit has been released.

Technical overview

A lot of recent developments have added many new packages and up-gradations. Major developments include,

Efficient built-in engine

The built-in engines helps reuse the application codes along with view paths and models. Like many other available frameworks RoR uses MVC (Model View Controller) architecture pattern to develop applications. The commonly used tools are now preinstalled in the package. WEBrick, a simple ruby web server is also given with the distribution. The extensive use of JavaScript libraries like and Prototype for Ajax makes the web framework very noteworthy. The most recent version of RoR also use a technique called Unobtrusive JavaScript. This functionality actually separates the main logical part of the application from the structure and other related parts of the application.

Modular Nature

Ruby runs using the Matz interpreter as its default but it has been criticised by many for issued on scalability. Merb now comes integrated with RoR, and it has given a new structure to the whole system with modular coding interface. Earlier the Ruby developers had to use very specific sub-frameworks to be developed on applications but now this is changed forever. The choice between the sub-frameworks likes ORM, jQuery, DataMapper or JavaScript can be made without hassle.

Default templates

Large number of default templates is included out-of-the –box. It eases developing the basic structure of the applications with customisations and configurations. When developing an application today we look forward to fast code generation because of a very fast changing web world. The whole package of Ruby on Rails along with MySql makes sure we follow their principles “Convention over Configuration” and “Don’t repeat yourself”. The first principle states that we have to just create the code for the unconventional things we are using in the web application, the code generation of the conventional things will be taken care of through templates. The second principle states that we do not have to repeat every detail or code of a newly included object. The parameters linked to it will automatically be configured to make it work.

Easy interface

The new “Rack server interface” and “Metal” helps the developer to write optimised code fast and easy. These interfaces allow very highly configurable “middlewares” applications to be integrated with “Ruby on Rails”

Easy integration with MySql

All important web applications have a database running behind the scenes, to manage all the huge data generated from the corporate servers. This is where MySql comes in handy. It is the best known database management application in the world running. From small to gigantic databases it can manage all of it with ease and also is licensed under open source software.

Each passing day more and more developers are shifting to this. It is one of the best available rapid program development environments for web designers.

Rapid web-application development with RUBY ON RAILS and MySql

Enjoy making ROR applications on Bounceweb hosting!

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