Hacking Etiquette- Ethical Hacking 101
Ethical hacking has and always will be a controversial topic. But that does not stop it from being one of the most efficient ways of fool proofing you website’s security issues. Generally, these people are experts in networking and internet protocol, and have been hired by an establishment to attack its website, so as to seek out potential keyholes in its security system that malicious hackers might be able to exploit. Though they use the same types of methods as their less morally aware counterparts, the main difference is that they report potential threats instead of exploiting them for personal gains.
It is also known as penetration testing, white hat hacking and red teaming.
The first instances of ethical hacking were during the 1970s, when the US Govt. used red teams to hack its own systems.
Certified Ethical Hacker
It is a course offered by the EC-Council (International Council of E-Commerce Consultants) which makes ethical hacking a legally certified profession. It authorizes the holder to find out weaknesses in specific systems using the same knowledge, methods, and resources as a normal hacker.
C|EH 312-50 is the Exam code. The certificate is of edition 7.1 updated on 14 -6- 2011.For more Information, go to http://www.eccouncil.org/certification/certified_ethical_hacker.aspx
The minimum requirements for the course are at least two years of job experience at a security related post. This is important as it helps in weeding out malicious hackers. There are other screening measures also.
Even after earning the certificate, there are further background checks and other security screenings for obtaining security clearances before they are offered jobs at government agencies or private firms.
A professional ethical hacker can earn anywhere between 1.75 to 9.5 lakh rupees per year depending on his skill level and employers.
Ethical work mentality
An ethical hacker should keep the company’s interest above all other things. Having hidden agendas and exploiting the scenario for one’s own agenda is a strict no-no.
The client –hacker relationship should be strictly confidential. Any information the hacker comes across while on the job should not be leaked in the future for any reason at all.
“Know thy Enemy “
1) Discovery of vulnerabilities and hidden doors from a hacker’s viewpoint.
2) Testing efficiency of current security and defenses.
3) Efficient risk management.
4) Enforce vendor made claims about the security of their products.
In order to protect yourself you have to be your enemy. Ethical hackers do this by thinking like a potential hacker out to damage the system. Using the same methods as the repeatedly attack the system till they finally spot a flaw. This flaw is then reported to the website owners who take corrective measures.
Security vulnerabilities may continually appear. Hackers will continue to evolve and exploit even newer vulnerabilities previously not even looked at. This is why regular testing is necessary. And that is Ethical hacking will never go out of fashion no matter how many controversies it gets into.
Best Web Hosting Option: Windows or Linux?
Websites on the Internet are actually hosted on servers, which are computer terminals, modified specially for this purpose. And even servers require their own operating system packages for proper functioning. As we all know, Windows and Linux are two of the most operating system platforms available. Consequently, both of them have their own versions of web hosting packages for servers. However, the fact remains that your choice between these two platforms should be influenced by the requirements of your website and not by what others have to say about it.
Microsoft has its unique version of Windows server operating systems, like the Windows 2000 Server edition, the Advanced Server edition and the Windows 2003 Sever edition. Just like its popular operating system, Microsoft Windows Server editions are known to have intuitive, simple interfaces which allow new users to efficiently administer their websites with minimum hassles. Apart from the usual diverse range of Microsoft’s built in software packages, the Windows Server edition also allows Active Server Page execution, which allows the server terminal to execute scripts for dynamic web content. Another advantage that Microsoft offers is the integration with SQL database, which is one of the most advanced as well as efficient database management packages available. Windows Server edition also provides the usual ASP and .NET support, as well as Microsoft Access Support for database administration and IIS Web Server support.
However, there is one significant disadvantage if you want to opt for Windows Server hosting options, and that is the pricing of the product. You will require an investment of around a few thousand dollars to get a Windows Server operated hosting server online. Apart from that, the usual support packages like firewalls, remote administration modules, ASPmail and other features have to be purchased over and above the server operating software. This is a significant disadvantage, especially for small scale businesses and start up businesses.
Linux operated servers are also common in the internet. Actually, Linux is not an exclusive operating system, but a common term used to denote a variety of operating system platforms, which actually use the Linux kernel. The kernel is open source, that is, available free of cost for modification; users or developers modify it according to some end usage purposes. This is the reason that there a variety of Linux based operating systems available in the market – Red Hat, Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu being some of the most popular ones. The principal advantage that Linux has is its compatibility with the PHP language, which is very popular in the programming world. Apart from that, Linux based servers usually have a tight level of security, and are generally believed to be less vulnerable than their Windows based counterparts. And once again, the price factor gives it a major advantage over Windows; almost all the Linux based packages, barring a select few, come free of cost. This includes operating system software, firewalls, Apache, Sendmail and a lot of other features that can be obtained free of cost.
The disadvantage of Linux based servers is that these require much more expertise on the part of the server administrator. Most packages require the administrators to operate the server via a remote shell prompt, similar to DOS. GUI usage is minimum.
So, it is apparent that it is not a question about which operating system is superior in terms of facilities, it is more a question of what your website requires, that will help you take a decision.
Get the best deals for Linux and Windows web hosting on Bounceweb Hosting!
Developing XHTML Compliance codes
There has been a huge following of XHTML compliance and the codes written for it in the recent times. Whenever you are creating any code that has compatibility issues you must understand that the codes are there to aid you and not hinder you. The extensible hypertext markup language or XHTML is broadly classified as an extension of the simple static HTML. It belongs to the XML language class that has great degree of flexibility. The importance of compliance lies in the fact that the Internet is an open field for everybody. So there cannot be thousands of different standards. So in order to maintain a homogenous environment and allow the designers to have access to some protocol which will bind their coding, we fell upon XHTML compliance codes.
Now there are numerous things on the websites that are not handwritten. The flash for example does not have any handwritten codes as such. Thus to maintain a certain level of compatibility we abide by these compliance codes. Apart from it, the internet inherently connects PCs that are based on different platforms such as MAC, Windows, etc. SO if your sites are not machine-independent it would be tough for your website to get a proper viewing response. Therefore XHTML compliance codes find its importance in any website that comes into display. More than your content if the site is not compliant to new changes you would have your work cut out and new changes would demand new codes written for your page to keep it updated.
There are simple rules that you must keep in mind while making a webpage XHTML compliant. Firstly the XHTML documents must have an appropriate Namespace and a DOCTYPE. In general there are three primary document modes that are still in use. Strict, Transitional, Frameset are used till today and you must keep in mind that transitional is the better of the lot as it was in use in HTML documents. A DOCTYPE must have a NAMESPACE after it. NAMESPACE is just a collection of the useful attributes that may be used during the coding.
The XHTML compliance codes must be made keeping in mind the conventions. The tags must be written in lower case. Numbers or figures which represent some values that are supplied in your code should be written within double quotes.
<img src=Images/caption1.jpg alt=Slide 3? width=”200″ height=”136″ >
The tags that are opened must be closed properly. It has to be kept in mind that there are some tags on HTML that do not require any closing tag however in XHTML all tags must be closed. Not only that the empty tags should also be closed in XHTML.
Compliance of codes on your website makes sure that people using computers of different kinds across the globe can see the material of your website without a technical glitch. The more your code is compliant to new environments the better is its accessibility and your site would get more views which in turn would propel you higher on search algorithms. Our tech world undergoes changes all the time. You may be building a code for a browser which might even change the next day after you publish in your website. So an XHTML compliant code would allow you to overcome the changes and up gradations made in the modern browsers.
XHTML compliance ensures better coding standards while Bounceweb ensures superior web hosting experience!
Generating Reports with Jasper Reporting
Report generation is one of the most important tasks for a programmer although it is not at all popular among them. Reporting is basically making the users aware of the certain instances and data present in a program. It is in no way a task that programmers look forward but in any case it has to be done. Before there used to be commercial software for all these reporting purposes but now the Open Source community has finally made their own reporting tool for Java called JasperReports and it is a great alternative to commercial reporting tools for Java programmers.
JasperReports is in no way a tool made just to help users go open and free instead of buying commercial products, instead it is very much a better reporting tool in most cases! For instance it has got all the features that any commercial tool has like generation of dynamic reports, retrieval of data via the Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) on top of supporting all the basic programming elements like variables, expressions, constants, parameters, functions etc. Moreover, it contains some extra features which are much advanced like sub-reporting, script generation and building your own custom data sources. Hence it shows a great level of planning and maturity in it.
JasperReports is basically written in XML and therefore it follows all the nuances that come with XML also. It can be categorized mostly into three sections: the first sections where all the parameters passed are to be included, the second section where the query for the processing of the data is to be entered and lastly the section for displaying the report. Each report section is sub-divided into a number of categories called bands and each of them in turn possess a handful of elements for signifying the position, size and magnitude of the instances like variables, fields and parameters.
There are three types of objects present in a JasperReport code that take care of all the operations performed in it. They are: JasperDesign for designing a report’s definition, JasperReport which compiles the JasperDesign object and JasperPrint for generating the actual report by filling in the data into the compiled JasperReport object. All of these objects can be either manually defined or can be used directly from their XML templates. Also they can be accessed and used from any piece of code used in JasperReports and this whole filling, compiling and reporting process can be done from the classes present in the JasperReports tool.
Using and installing JasperReports is also very simple and can be done easily by downloading the application from the JasperReports website and it is completely free! It can both help people in building a new report for any application from scratch or can add extra functionalities to the existing ones. Most of all it is an endeavour by the Open Source community to give the members of their community something new and alternative to the widespread commercial product and what better way to do that than helping the Open Source Java Programmers.
Jasper Reports and MySQL is a great combination when used with Bounceweb Hosting!
Ten popular HTML5 Games available
Although HTML5 is in its infant stage when it comes to game development but still it is gaining massive ground very quickly. More and more games that are built using HTML5 are sprouting up day by day and the improvement is marvellous! Here we present the 10 best HTML5 games till date:-
3Bored: It is one of the pioneers of the HTML5 gaming industry and the remarkable feature it is known for is its supreme speed! The game involves swarming around a character with his jet powered propeller and avoids being killed by the enemies. It also has the ability to use the full browser window.
Vii: Vii is a puzzle-based game that deals with a lot of physics and a whole lot of fun! The character is trapped in a lab and has to follow the instructions to escape and get all his powers back. The game is known for its movement and sound graphic details.
Sinuous: This game is the new version of the “Snake” game that we all loved to play when we were kids. But this game cranks it up a notch by introducing revolving circles and killing blocks here and there. It is getting more and more popularity day by day.
Onslaught: A tower saving game that deals with strategising by the user, this game adds a whole new dimension to HTML5 gaming with its 8 bit frame and pixel based graphics. Its AI is also quite good as the game gets difficult as the player plays on.
Space Cannon: One of the first real hits of the HTML5 gaming era, this game pretty much deals with everything that someone expects from a space invader type shoot them up. It has got a great gaming engine which requires quick reflexes and awesome anticipation from the user.
Brain Snackers: The best isometric game powered by HTML5 by a long shot, Brain Snackers has got a well-thought out storyline which is complimented by neat graphics and awesome game play. Users can actually get hold of weapons and use them to kill zombies in this game. Pretty sweet, eh?
Torus: We are all bored with Tetris right? It seems every year four to five spin-offs of this classical game hits the market and all of them go down the drain. But with Torus you get a whole new 3D feeling in HTML5 and it even manages to add many new features to Tetris.
Space Fleet: This game is a classic when it comes to extracting the juice out of HTML5’s canvas technology. It basically is a strategically controlled space flight game where the user can manage and guide fleets and attack the enemy with it.
Helicopter: This game is known for its simplicity and has been actually incorporated into many social networking sites due to its popularity. Here the helicopter can be only moved up and down to avoid the caves and walls on its path.
Asteroid: Lastly, this vintage HTML5 game is truly a classic remade and many new versions of it are still hitting the market.
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Network Traffic Control
It is the process of reducing bandwidth congestion by managing, controlling prioritizing and reducing the flow of traffic. Traffic management is more important than any other aspect of website hosting because the smoothness of running of the website depends on how well it is able to handle traffic during peak hours. Too much traffic can cause latency, packet loss and even end in the server crashing.
There are various techniques used for efficient traffic management like traffic shaping or packet shaping, bandwidth management, putting quotas, patches. It is necessary to first measure the total network traffic and identifies the primary causes of network congestion in order to use the above mentioned tools effectively.
Network Management techniques
A method which ensures that large downloads don’t get in the way of net access by hogging the entire bandwidth all day long. This is done by generally limiting the bandwidth allotted to that specific file.
It is very efficient in improving latency and increasing available bandwidth. On the basis of certain criteria or priority, some kind of packet data is delayed so as to optimize speed for other packets.
General method of implementation of packet shaping includes delaying of metered traffic, such that each packet has to comply with traffic contract. And this is done by implementation of leaky bucket / token bucket methods.
Another method of controlling and measuring the traffic on a network link so as to avoid filling the capacity of the link and prevent congestion.
This is done by Traffic classification- dividing traffic into specific groups on the basis of some criteria such that other tools of traffic shaping may be applied to each individual class.
When the number of packets exceeds the allotted traffic size for a certain bandwidth, the excess packets are either dropped or marked for future transfer.
Persistent Session routing policy
Requests from the same user are routed to the same server by continuing the session.
Content based routing
Requests are routed according to the content it asks for.
Server based Routing Policy
Requests are routed to servers based on the number of pending request and overall traffic. It is assumed that each server has the same content and is able to meet any request. This is very useful in reducing workload by regulating the number of connections to the server.
Protocol based routing
Requests are routed based on the protocol used by the client. FTP request go to FTP servers, HTTP goes to HTTP etc.
In order to keep PCs up to date with security fixes, a lot of patching has to be done. Worms and viruses are responsible for a lot of bandwidth clogging and congestion. That is why it is necessary to remove them early.
Another way of reducing load on servers , is by limiting the bandwidth, by giving specific quotas of bandwidth to every user, for a specific period of time. This is generally don in universities and other shared networks.
Bouncweb Hosting arms you with the latest technologies to control your website traffic.
P2P Networking – the fast way to connect
A Peer to Peer network (often shortened to P2P) is a connection process where two or more PCs connected to each other can share resources , peripherals as equals without the need of a central dedicated server.
It is a distributed application architecture that divides tasks / workloads among Peers. Peers refer to the workstations connected to the P2P network which are participants in the application and which are all equally able to perform any function necessary for the network. A computer connected to this network is called a node.
The reason for the popularity of a P2P network is that it can be set up anywhere- Homes, offices, online business etc. The only requirement is that all the participants of the network should be using the same or a compatible program, (client), to connect to each other.
The first P2P app was Napster, released in 1999.
In a P2P network each node is essentially a client as well as a server, thereby eliminating the need for special high performance machines to act as servers. Accessing files is basically governed by the user setting different sharing permissions on their own machines.
Due to the inherent characteristic of P2P networks it is the clients who are responsible for providing network resources such as bandwidth, system power, and storage. This feature is tremendously useful to original content distributors, because it reduces the setup as well as running costs very small.
Due to the decentralized nature of the network, if one peer ceases to function properly, it does not affect the whole network. As long as there is even one properly functioning PC, the network will be alive.
Also important to note is the lack of a system administrator or a central authority. This leads to a more efficient and stable network owing to lack of a full staff needed to ensure smooth running.
Just like any kind of file sharing system, users are vulnerable to malicious attacks from harmful content that may allow remote access to the user’s PC. This can even affect the whole network.
For one thing, sharing files with random strangers on the internet does call for some sort of caution. It is recommended that you at least have a firewall or an antivirus scanning each of your downloads to protect against potential backdoors and malware. Another way would be to just use trusted sources.
P2P networks represent one of the most important issues in the ongoing controversy of network neutrality. Internet Service Providers have been known to cut off P2P file sharing traffic on account of its high bandwidth usage.
But still we can expect this form of networking to only grow and grow more for its pros far outweigh its cons.
Managing files on the server is the easiest with Bounceweb Hosting!
Data protection and privacy under VPS
Today, in the fast running world of web hosting, data security, protection and privacy are of extreme importance. For a general security – conscious user, Virtual Private Server (VPS) server, is a splendid option, which plays an important role in the data protection and individual privacy. The name Virtual Private Server itself signifies that the server is basically centered to the privacy of the information and data security. There are kinds of advantages that a VPS offers in terms of data protection and privacy.
Indeed, website owners do have infinite options in terms of web hosting. The hosting services now-a-days have become exceptionally branched out over the few past years. Data security and privacy are extraordinarily important, especially if the site is of say, central importance for the business of the clients. E-commerce pages and websites which deal with the private data of clients and visitors require higher rate of information protection and data safety.
A VPS can be said as independent space in web which is dedicated exclusively to clients’ website and requirements related to data storage. Even though many other VPS servers are executing on the same setup, all of them will run independently. Even it is possible to undergo a reboot without disturbing the activities of other virtual private servers running parallel to it. Because of the reason, that each Virtual Private Server hosting setup comes with its independent space stands for a minimized chance of security violations and problems.
Data collected and used by the servers
The VPS servers generally collect some data and use them for analysis of the users visiting the sites. They collect the data also to prevent fraudulent or fake signups, minimize the risk of charge backs and to take the feedback. Some relevant information which they collect are: Name and contact information, transaction information, visit data and survey data. They generally do not share the information for the sake of privacy and security, but in some cases they do share the data of the users, like legal (police) investigation related to criminal activity, court orders, operating with the sister companies, etc.
Other security functions
The grade of security and protection in VPS is customizable, another prominent advantage which makes VPS the perfect hosting choice for the requirement of website. The administrator has total control over the security and protection features precisely due to the fact that the software is not dependent on the hosting requirement of other clients. The security advantages of a VPS hosting package avails regardless of the selected operating system. It all depends upon the degree of data privacy which the operation of website operation needs. The updates and upgrades which the other clients function keep the virtual hosting space isolated. The data can be backed up easily to provide even greater certainty as well as professional security.
The additional advantage of customization makes the VPS hosting an easy and famous service among the clients of web-based businesses and e-commercial websites. Software in the server can be installed and removed much effortlessly. In the issues of other hosting options, optimization of server performance is also much easier. Virtual private servers are the most suitable option for the website owners that give security and data protection maximum priority.
Disaster recovery: Mantra to win the battle
This concept was originated in about 1970, when the process and methods related to arrangement for recovery upon any natural or artificial disaster came into practice, later it came in spotlight as the dependency of organizations increased with more complex computer setups and other company implementations. These days, most important corporates reserve a different and separate fraction of their IT budget merely for this disaster recovery. To execute a successful and reliable recovery processes are critical even though after a good planning. Selection of the suitable disaster recovery data center can be called the main aspect of the whole process. Avoiding those areas which are prone to disaster is necessary, for instance the Phoenix metropolitan area is said to be one of the safest cities in the US in contrast with it San Francisco and Miami come under the category of “endangered” . The chance seeking hackers always have an eye on their next victim; many natural calamity like earthquake and flooding usually malfunction the availability and hardware of a site, which may lead a website to crash. The involvement of a large scaled capital and labor in a website makes the disaster recovery plan so important to be implemented.
Major prevention strategies
A natural disaster cannot be prevented but the artificial disaster of the site can be prevented by going through certain strategies and best possible steps. Some of them can be concluded as:
Take a backup
When a website crashes, it leads to the loss and damage of many important data as well as much confidential information destroying all the commercial and managerial balance of the corporation. So, with a backup plan, these circumstances can be avoided as the information are “copied” and saved securely and are retrievable if needed in the future, which dramatically reduces the future hassles.
Transferring data to different servers (accessible)
If the data is transferred to a different server or location apart from the present one and can be accessed remotely, then the problem of data destruction can be solved up to much extent. Many web host providers facilitate this feature to reduce the strain and burden of the user, assuring the safety and security of data for the unavoidable circumstances. The user must take care that whether the accessibility is provided by the company or not regardless of the location of the user in the world.
Clouding the data
The data can also be saved by those circumstances by clouding the data and information in any secure and trustworthy cloud providing sites. But the disadvantage in this process is that even the cloud server does not guarantee the protection from those disasters which may happen to them.
Before following any of the above steps, the most important step involved in it is “Data Encryption”, which is a critical as well as essential process in the way of data security and conservation. Data encryption ensures the user that data or files and information are not easily readable and understandable as compared to the plain text, which effectively reduces the possible threats of data leakage, information theft and privacy violation. Following the steps a user can reduce the disaster effects and other circumstances.
With Bounceweb Hosting, you are safe for any disaster recovery management initiatives.
Green Web hosting: Let’s go take back our green mother planet
Why Green Web hosting?
The statistics of World Internet usage reveals that the spider web of Internet is still frequently exploding worldwide at the rate of 400-1000% increment per year. And hence, the energy consumption for operating those servers and the relevant infrastructure setups is also day by day increasing. It is approximated that if the energy consumption due to the web hosting goes on rising at the present rat, by 2020 the web industry will be one of the most polluting industries in the field of business. The environment of earth has been decaying continuously and we must not be late to save it. Many web industries have taken some action and played their roles in helping by recycling materials and reducing energy consumption. Green hosting is a kind of hosting which uses eco-friendly sources of power for their regular functions and activities.
In short, the web hosting companies are indirectly trying to save our mother planet by reducing the amount of carbon emission.
What is Green web hosting?
While providing the hosting facilities, the Web providers consume a great quantity of energy to data centers and power servers for facilitating 24×7 services. Many other relevant facilities like enhanced security and cooling controls and setups also need a huge amount of electricity, which has a negative effect on the environment. As the name implies, the Green web hosting is the hosting solution which is powered by eco-friendly resources. These are those hosting providers which are powered by only renewable sources of energy like wind power and solar energy.
Advantages of using Green web hosting
If we are going through Green web hosting, certainly there must be some great advantages which make the use more efficient and preferable, some important of them are:
1) Harmful carbon dioxide (CO2) which is released in the atmosphere is reduces due to the practice of this green web hosting as well as these companies also earn carbon credits.
2) The artificial energy sources would be saved and could be used in future, and hence the man work would also be decreased.
3) The website download time and function delay is minimum in this type of web hosting and unlimited email accounts and memory space are also provided.
4) The green web hosting is one time investment and a cost effective technique.
5) The greatest advantage would be the feeling of satisfaction among the people, by living in the greener and healthier environment.
The Green web hosting industries may run at busy and complex daily operation costs with respect to many other host providing companies but the thought of making a paperless and eco-friendly company using the renewable sources energy makes the sense of encouragement. When it would be implemented in more than a single company operations and functions, it could decrease a lot of waste materials as well as reduce a lot on consumption of energy which will immediately help in saving and maintaining the nature. So, if saving the earth comes with some investment and long routed process, then it should not be a big deal to pay, if we are supporting a green and clean environment with the green web hosting companies.
Show your support for a green environment by choosing your green web host: Bounceweb Hosting!